An Overview of Lasik Surgery
LASIK is short for laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis. LASIK, also commonly known as laser vision correction or laser eye surgery, is a form of refractive corrective surgery, in which an laser is used to reshape the cornea of the eyes. The results from the surgery are permanent, meaning that it will correct any problems with your vision. LASIK is not usually covered by insurance because it is considered elective surgery, not medically necessary. However, it is still important to speak to an eye care provider before committing to LASIK surgery to make sure that you are a good candidate, since everyone’s eyes are different.
One of the most common complications from lasik eye surgery is myopia. This is the difficulty adjusting to different distances. Because the cornea of the eye is reshaped using LASIK, it causes some degree of astigmatism, or an irregularly shaped cornea. Because myopia is related to poor eye alignment, many individuals with myopia have to wear contact lenses to compensate for their lack of clear vision. While contact lenses can be worn for a short period of time, they are more uncomfortable and expensive than LASIK surgery.
Hyperopia (farsightedness) is a condition where distant objects appear to be close to the eyes. It can be associated with a corneal thickening, increased glare, or an increase in eye movement. Typically, the goal of the lasik procedure is to help patients achieve a better visual field by correcting for the irregularities in the patient’s eye. Lasik is commonly performed on children, since the procedures do not require an extensive amount of recovery time. Because it is refractive surgery, lasik-corrected glasses are not necessary, but if the patient wishes to use contact lenses or glasses after the lasik procedure, they can discuss alternative options with their optometrist.