Eye health is an important issue for everyone, especially for those who are in their golden years. Age-related macular degeneration and cataracts are two of the most common forms of vision loss and can be progressive or degenerative, requiring a variety of treatments to restore eyesight. Even if the vision remains undamaged, it may have to be surgically removed to treat either condition. This type of invasive intervention can be risky and disappointing.
One of the easiest ways to help maintain eye health and vision is to make sure that your eyes are kept clean and as free of bacteria and debris as possible. This can be accomplished through simple daily care including washing with antibacterial soap, wiping frequently with a moist cotton ball and wiping from front to back when getting out of bed. For those whose work requires them to spend a great deal of time outside, you should use sunglasses to protect your eyes from the sun’s rays and dust. Not only does sunlight cause damage to the eyes by causing cataracts and macular degeneration, but it can also strain the eyes and contribute to symptoms such as headaches and dry, scratchy throat. Sunscreen is essential even for those who spend time outdoors.
Proper nutrition and regular physical activity can help prevent and treat many eye health conditions, including macular degeneration and cataracts. A balanced diet containing the appropriate amount of vitamins and minerals is essential. Getting plenty of sleep and avoiding stress can also play a role in healthy eyesight. Medications can also help many people maintain healthy eyesight. For those whose vision problems include diabetes, certain medications can lower blood pressure, stabilize blood sugar levels and reduce inflammation in the eyes. Individuals who smoke cigarettes should quit to avoid damaging their eyes.