LASIK, also known as laser vision correction or corrective laser eye surgery, is basically a form of refractive surgery wherein the surgeon cuts a small flap in the cornea (the transparent covering of the eye) in order to correct myopia, hyperopic, and astigmatism by use of an excimer laser. After cutting out the affected part, a new flap is created over top of it and the desired correction is done. In this procedure, a laser with a carbon dioxide laser is used that enters into the eye and vaporize the air. This will help correct any problems on the eyes microscopic in nature. The procedure typically takes from thirty to sixty minutes to complete.
To be a good candidate for lasik, you need to be at least 18 years old, have normal vision, and do not suffer from eye allergies. In addition to that, you need to have a clean cornea and a thin layer of tissue that will support the operation. If you think that you are a good candidate, then your doctor should examine your eyes and tell you whether you’re a good candidate for this form of treatment or not. Once he does give you the okay, you can schedule your first session for consultation where your eye doctor will check your cornea and the amount of the laser needed to perform your vision correction.
Once you’ve been given the green light by your eye doctor, you’ll need to get ready for your first lasik session. First, you’ll be given instructions on how to prepare your eyes for the procedure. During this time, your eye doctor will place a device called a speculum inside your eye to test for any possible infections or irritations. Also, a lubricant may be applied to the eyelid to help make the procedure easier. Lastly, you’ll be given instructions on post-operative care.