Types of Eye Surgery and Age
Eye surgery, also called ocular surgery, generally is surgery done on the eye itself or its posterior adnexa, usually by an optometrist. The eye is such a delicate organ and needs extreme care prior to, during, and immediately after a surgical procedure to avoid or minimize further damage to the eye. Eye surgery, including cataract surgery, can be performed in one of two ways – through a simple incision in the eye, or through an operation on an anoscope. If performed through an eye surgeon, surgery on an anoscope is quicker and less painful. The main difference between these two methods of surgery is that an eye surgeon can make more incisions in an eye with an anoscope, resulting in more potential scarring.
Cataract surgery is another popular eye surgery among older Americans. Most individuals afflicted with dry aging eye syndrome are candidates for this procedure. As with all surgeries, there are some risk factors with regard to the success of cataract surgery; people who smoke, have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, glaucoma, or hyperthyroidism may increase the risk of complications if they undergo cataract surgery. For these individuals, it is important to remain alert and aware of their health conditions throughout the procedure so that they can seek timely medical attention if any complications arise.
With regards to the second type of cataract surgery – an open procedure where the doctor makes a small incision in the eye – many individuals find this to be the most comfortable option for them. Because there is no need for a catheter, no incision is made, and no sutures are required, this procedure can often be performed in less than half an hour. Unlike eyelid surgery where the doctor makes a small incision behind the eyelids and inserts a stethoscope to listen for noise, in an open procedure, the patient lies on a table under a general anesthetic and can see his or her surroundings. There are no restrictions on reading or writing during an open eye surgery, but because the patient cannot look into a mirror, he or she must rely on eyeglasses or a hand held device to read or write.