LASIK is short for laser eye corrective surgery, and is a popular method of correcting poor vision. It is sometimes called laser vision correction. LASIK is also sometimes called PRK (photorefractive keratectomy). Laser surgery is used to correct nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia) or astigmatism, and can be done by an ophthalmologist, eye surgeon, or optometrist. LASIK is a refractive surgery that reshapes the cornea of the eye so that it will be less blurry when looking at nearby objects.
Before having LASIK eye surgery, you will first have a consultation with your eye doctor to decide if this surgery is right for you. You will also discuss what the procedure will entail and what risks and side effects may occur. If you have any concerns about the procedure or your vision, you should consult your eye doctor before having the procedure. A qualified eye doctor will evaluate your eyes, your vision, and your eye history to determine if LASIK is right for you.
During the procedure, your eye surgeon will use a laser to reshape your cornea so that it will be smaller and focus light properly on your retina. Your flap will be created in your cornea so that light rays will enter your eyes, which will then correct your vision. Your eyes will remain open for about 20 minutes so that your eyes can heal quickly. Because Lasik does not alter your normal vision, there will be little to no side effects.